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    A new interpretation on "Xuan Liao"

    Hua Jueming;Institute for History of Natural Sciences,Academia Sinica;  
    The Yu Gong states that qiu was a tribute from the Liangzhou district.According to the old explanation,qiu here means jade and liao as copper.The author has obtained, through his research on ancient names of metals in the oracle-bone and bronze inscriptions, a new interpretation:liao seems to be gold and Xuan liao seems to be tin.An alysis of the shape and chemical composition of Shang-Zhou bronzes excavated in recent days,along with the historical investigation of trade and communication between the Ba-Shu area and the central Plains in early times, shows that part of the tim used in the Central Plains during the Shang-Zhou period probably came from Dian and Shu.The author believes that further exploration will be helpful in solving some of the enigmatic problems in the history of ancient China.
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